Training the future (Part I)

21-11-2012 12:29

 

Much has been written about young footballer training, most literature available only talks about physical component, leaving behind all the human complexity inherent. In the first phase of any workout plan structure, will be crucial determine which components of training we want/must to train; this task is easier in terms of physical components, with numerous diagnostic tools available in the market. The same isn´t so clear with other aspects of the game the experience becomes daily observation tool of coaches. As such it will be great importance structure a method of diagnosis that meets these difficulties; a methodology that aims identify problems of the way we want play in games in order to put together a workout that actually go to players needs. When we train young’s footballer this problem doesn´t make much sense, because weak experience of children, takes us to diagnostic results very similar between them, with coarse problems and easily to identify.

  1. Motor Coordination in simple actions (Running, jumping, etc...)
  2. Motor Coordination in complex actions (Player + Ball)
  3. Motor Coordination in specific situation (Shooting, Passing, etc...)
  4. Communication Difficulties
  5. Poor capacity of focus
  6. Egocentric thinking (me and ball)
  7. Difficulty in changing the mind focus
  8. Many player around the ball
  9. Difficulty in managing variables (Strength, Speed ​​etc...)
  10. Inability to use space
  11. Difficulties in tasks assimilation
  12. Difficulty in interpreting the opponent

This are problems frequently observe in any footballer in beginning of their sport career. With no doubts, it must be inevitably made   a question. What factors we should start training the young footballer? Competition should not ever having a major role in training, but in practice that not happen, we must try  reconcile these two aspects (Competition / Training). 

Graf 1- According Rui Pacheco, in " O ensino do futebol; Futebol 7 um jogo de iniciação ao futebol 11"

So for determine a chronological sequence of training goals, we must identify appropriate actions will be more often in a game (competition), and thus begin immediately to teach and train them. As suggested by graph 1, pass is the action most often used in a football game 7, followed by running with ball and shot, so if you can improve these aspects of the game; we can teach and obtain positive outcomes, as such these will be our first training goals.

 

*This is a article made for "The Coach" Magazine nº4; 2010.

*All the article is relative Portuguese context and Benfica Training Methodology.