Training the future (Part III)
The Power of Feedback
The application of an exercise by itself doesn´t convey the essence of this; that mean if we apply an exercise and we let our players executed it without accompaniment, this exercise just trains certain requirements. When we are in training processes of a young player this factor becomes even more important, since players have poor experiences and without feedback this player increase wrong behaviors; which later will be extremely difficult to correct (if they are not being tracked). The function of feedback is motivated players, correct actions and mainly the transmission parameters at different moments of the game. It is this last that will be focus because others are often used by most coaches. If we go through the country, north to south, the most frequent feedback that we hear in training camps will be motivational feedback or correction of behavior and conduct, something like, "Go for It, Faster, too slow," or even pass is done this way, (usually the coach exemplifies) and “kick this way." Uncommonly we find coaches using feedback with various explanatory variables inherent in the game, trying to convey the functional aspect of football.
Considering previous exercise (Training the Future Part II) (zone 3) and assuming a posture of coaches who doesn’t use this type of feedback in your workouts. Implementing the first pass, this will encourage the player to execute it quickly and well, and if it’s not it will be awarded a "that’s wrong" or "that´s not very good "or even "that's how you have to do (Coach exemplify)" which leads to learning by trial and error, which consume many time and is boring for some player leaving to abandon of challenge proposed. I don´t mean that is a negative process, quite the opposite as it allows us evaluate the capacity of sacrifice and perseverance of the player, but we have identified some restriction on learning process of young footballers, since this method only is accessible to players more sensitive in understanding the functioning of your body and more self-critical, the ability to identify errors, to correct them. In return for a coach who uses a feedback oriented to understanding games variables, try to focus on a particular variable (the one for which the exercise was structured), and explain the functionally for associate to other exercises, concepts and finally the game. Exemplifying in zone 1, we highlight strength variable and management in extremely simple situation. In zone 3, we tried to highlight the importance of work done in Zone 1, strength management, this time will be made before a teammate, a first time pass without a motion, a second already in motion where the player will have to take into account teammate speed, made the pass slightly forward. For implementing this type of feedback, we tend to stop exercise several times, especially in the first minutes for increase the profitability, we think is the right thing to do, because if we didn´t, we would be encourage individual mistakes, leaving train wrong movements and behaviors. One form of sensitizing players to understand variables in the game is using a Questions-Answer strategy. For instance if we wished to convey the behavior of pass speed variable could we make a question like, "If we pass the ball to our colleague and this is moving; where we must pass the ball? In front of it? Or backward? ". If we wished train to relation variable strong; with space, could we make a question like "If our colleague are furthest from us, then how do we go the pass? With more or less force? (Relate the space between the players and strength that he should apply to be able to make the pass correctly) "This type of question should not be made sequentially, but looking for players performs immediately the movement this way we want convey to practice what he have learned before, to sensitize for factors that were put in evidence. We can facilitate the learning process by defining a classification of concepts for all squad to facilitate communication; the same can be done for the rest of the club, avoiding situations which players have to relearn concepts when they change of category and coach.